What Is Acne?

Acne is a disease of skin that actually occurs due to skin disorder. Hormonal imbalance and some substances like sebaceous glands and hair follicles are the main reasons for acne. Acne is also known as zits or pimples.

The hair follicles, oil and dead skin cells block the pores of the skin and that resulting in the superficial skin eruption of the skin. Acne may also occur due to the surge of hormones (mainly testosterone) during puberty. For some it may continue up to their young adulthood and to some pimples continue appearing up to an advanced age. Acne generally occurs at some specific parts of the body like back, face, shoulders, neck and chest.

Cause of Acne:

The cause of acne is not completely determined yet. However, there are certain factors which lead to the occurrence of acne. It is the increase of hormones known as androgens”. It is very common in case of boys and girls during puberty and makes the sebaceous glands enlarge and make more sebum.

Heredity is another important cause of acne. Children are more likely to inherit acne if any or both of the parents have it.

Symptoms of Acne:


Comedones:


Comedones are the enlarged and plugged hair follicles. If the comedone is under the skin its head is white and if breaks the skin and comes out then it  appears with a blackhead.


Whiteheads:


Whiteheads are clogged hair follicles that contain oil (sebum) and look white.


Blackhead:


Blackheads are clogged hair follicles that contain both oil (sebum) and tightly packed skin cells. Though they look black they do not contain dirt.


Pimples:


Pimples are inflamed pus-filled lesions. The base of these lesions is red and it is an eruption of the skin.


Cystic Acne:


Cystic acne is the most severe kind of acne. It occurs when the infected contents of pimples erupt beneath the skin rather than coming out.

What is Deep Seated Acne?

Deep seated acne is one of the types of acne, which are also called as nodule. Nodular acne is considered to be severe form of acne and it is hard to treat. Nodular acne or deep seated acne is characterized by irregularly shaped or dome shaped lesion, inflammation and pain. Generally this lesion extends deep inside the skin layers and results in scarring due tissue damage. Deep seated acne can be treated with isotretinoin.

Some Home Remedies For Acne:

  • Wash the skin or the affected part gently with water twice or thrice a day.
  • Do not squeeze your pimples, which will make them worse.
  • Do not scratch pimples with your nails. It will lead to scars.
  • Use skin care products gently on your affected skin. The products should be water based. Avoid using oil based products like cold creams, milky cleansers, lipsticks and lip glosses.
  • Use medicated soaps, creams and gels to treat your acne. Of course, read the instructions carefully to make sure that you are using them correctly.
  • The people who use make-ups should remove it at night by liquid make-up removers. Then wash your face with soap and water and then apply anti pimple or acne cream.
  • People affected by acne should supplement their diet with lots of fresh fruits, vegetables, sprouts and fruit juice.