Teenage Acne

Pimples on the face of a teenager are worse than anything else to him/her. At the age when people deserve to look better, beaming with life and energy; a face full of acne becomes their despair. According to studies, about 90% of the teenagers are subject to this problem. The adolescence period gives ample opportunity for acne to make itself visible on one’s face or other parts of body.

Causes of Teenage Acne:

  • Acne occurs due to hormonal change in girls and boys when they pass from childhood to adolescence. At the time of puberty, androgen in both young boys and girls causes the sebaceous glands to enlarge production primarily in the face, neck, back and chest.
  • Sebaceous glands produce sebum, an oily substance, and empty it into the hair follicles. Eventually sebum reaches the surface of the skin and mixes with dead skin cells, white blood cells and bacteria to form whiteheads, blackheads, nodules and cysts.
  • Sebum stimulates the lining of the follicular walls, which leads to hyperkeratinization. It is a high rate of cellular activity that allows an overproduction of keratin in the hair follicle. Keratin, if excess, can lead to retention of matter in the follicle. Keratin and sebum often mixes to promote the growth of bacteria in teenagers.
  • A bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes, or P. acnes is linked to the inflammation, redness and pain associated with acne breakouts.

Teen Acne Treatment:

One of the most common dermatological problems among teenagers is acne. According to the “AAD-American Academy of Dermatology”, approximately 80% of teenagers suffer from acne or pimples every year in America. And, finding the right treatment that works for teens can be very difficult and frustrating. Although, there is no immediate cure or solution for acne or pimples, there are still many ways to control and reduce the risk of scars and dark spots. Read through the article to get to know more about teen acne treatment.

Treatment Types:

Treatment of acne depends on the severity of the problem. If the patient has never been treated before and is relatively young then the treatment will start with a topical therapy or antibacterial preparation. There are a number of prescription medications, over-the-counter drugs or cosmetic treatments to treat teen acne. Some of the common over-the-counter medications include benzoyl peroxide and salicylic. They can be used for treating mild acne. Isotretinoin and retinol are some prescription medications for treating more severe acne problems. You can also opt for cosmetic treatments such as light therapy to treat acne by changing the sebum producing glands.

How Long You Have to Use the Medications:

According to the AAD, teen acne treatment should take at least 4-8 weeks to get the best results. In case of severe cystic acne problems, you may require15-20 weeks course of Accutane (isotretinoin).


The affected area should be kept clean always to make sure your acne treatment works effectively. Cleaning your face or the affected area before you to go to bed and after sweating will help you control acne. However, washing the affected areas too often is not good, cleaning twice daily will be fine. Avoid teasing and squeezing the acne. Teens with darker skin should be very cautious when selecting the acne treatment, because certain over-the-counter medications can cause dry skin and worsen the situation.

Acne Tips for Teenagers:

The teenage period is characterized by so many developments such as physical development, attraction to the opposite sex and hormonal in-balance that causes acne. Acne in teenagers can really be stressing and demoralizing as this is the stage at which you try the most to look attractive to the boys or girls. Hence, here are a few acne tips that can help you get rid of the acne and fully enjoy your teenage:

Take a shower often: Bathing with a mild soap is a good way of getting rid of bacteria. When you sweat, the bacteria can mix with sebum in the pores causing your skin to break out. Hence, keeping your body clean can enable you to prevent and control acne outbreak.
Cleanse the affected part: You should do this with a mild or natural cleanser everyday. Do moisturize your skin after cleansing to moist the skin and prevent scaling that leads to acne breakouts.

Exfoliate: Exfoliate your skin at least 1-2 days a week. Scrubbing helps to open up your pores by getting rid of dead cells that cause acne.

Healthy Lifestyle: Reduce on your intake of fatty, sugary foods and instead eat more of fruits and vegetables. These help to keep your skin healthy and reduce the outbreak of acne. Also, you should exercise daily as this helps to remove impurities that can be clogging your skin.

Drink Plenty of Water: Take at least 6-8 glasses of water daily. This is one of the best acne tips as you will be able to keep your skin hydrated and prevent it from getting clogged. You can also be able to remove impurities from the body by drinking excessive water.

Reduce or Avoid Stress: Stress is a great cause of acne amongst teens. Being able to control your stress can lower the release of stress hormone, cortisol which in turn reduces the severity of your acne. You should channel your stress by doing exercising or go out with your friends.

Avoid Applying Make-up: This maybe helpful in concealing your acne but it will also worsen it by further clogging your pores.These acne tips will for sure help you remove acne as long as you follow them diligently. However, in cases of severe acne on the body, do visit your dermatologist for professional treatment.

Tips to prevent teenage acne:

  • Do not wash your face again and again. Excessive washing will dry the skin out, which may trigger the occurrence of acne.
  • A healthy diet is very necessary for adolescence to keep acne at bay.
  • It is very necessary to drink a lot of water every day. Drink at least 6 to 8 glasses of water everyday to flush toxin out of your body.
  • Though acne is generally the despair of any and everybody, it has its positive side as well. According to some researches, teenage boys suffering from acne may have lesser chance of having coronary heart diseases in their later life than their clear skinned peers. Of course it does not mean that one should not try to prevent or get rid of acne.