Remove Acne Scars

Acne scars appear on the skin once acne disappears. These are like memorials of the presence of acne on your skin. Though the scars gradually wither away, people may hardly want to wait for the natural recovery of the scars.

Scars generally form due to the response of the body to acne inflammation. When the tissues are damaged, body repairs the damage by sending the repairing agents to the site. The repairing agents contain white blood cells and an array of inflammatory molecules that repair tissues and fights off infections. After the repair work is over they sometimes leave the site somewhat messy in the form of fibrous or eroded tissues.

Following are the different kinds of acne scars:

There are two general types of acne scars:

  • Scars caused by increased tissue formation and
  • Scars cause by lack of tissues.

Scars caused by increased tissue formation:

The scars caused by increased tissue formation are called keloids or hypertrophic scars. The word hypertrophic” means enlargement” or growth”. These scars actually form due to over production of the cell substance collagen”. Excessive production of collagen is a response of skin cells to injury. The excess collagen becomes piled up in fibrous masses and causes scars.

Scars caused by the loss of tissue:

Scars caused by the loss of tissue are more common than keloids or hypertrophic scars. There are again subcategories of this kind of scars. These are:

  • Ice-pick scars:

    These scars generally occur on the cheek. These are usually small with jagged edge and steep side. Ice pick scars are shallow or deep and may be hard or soft to touch.

  • Depressed fibrotic scars:

    Depressed fibrotic scars are quite large with sharpe edges and steep sides. Ice-pick scars may evolve into depressed fibrotic scars over time.

  • Atropic macules:

    These scars are of different sizes. They are small on the face and comparatively larger on the body. These are generally soft with slightly wrinkled base. They may have a bluish appearance due to blood vessels lying just beneath the scar.

  • Soft scars:

    These scars have sloping rolled edges that merge with normal skin. They are usually small, linear or circular in shape and soft to touch.

  • Follicular macular atrophy:

    These scars generally occur on the chest or back of a person with acne. These are like whiteheads above the surface of the skin. These lesions may persist for months to years.

Treatments for Acne Scars Marks:

The best way to prevent scar is to treat the acne itself. It may take some time, but you won’t have scars on your face or body. However, there are quite a few treatment options for treating this problem.

Following are some of the available treatments for acne scars marks:

  • Collagen injection:

    Collagen, a normal substance of the body, is injected beneath the skin to stretch and fill out certain types of superficial deep soft scars. Collagen injections also have cosmetic benefits but they last for 3-6 months.

  • Autologous fat transfer:

    In this treatment fat is collected from another part of your body and is injected just beneath the skin to elevate depressed scars. The treatment of autologous fat transfer is generally used to treat the deep contour defects caused by scarring from nodulocystic acne. Since fat is absorbed in the body between 6 to 18 months the procedure should be repeated.

  • Dermabrasion:

    This treatment is one of the most effective treatments of acne scars. Under local anesthesia a high speed brush or fraise is used to remove surface skin and repair the contours of acne scar. However, it is not effective in all kinds of scars.

  • Microdermabrasion:

    Microdermabrasion can be called an improvement over dermabrasion. Instead of a high-speed brush, microdermabrasion uses aluminum oxide crystals passing through a vacuum tube to remove surface skin. Since this treatment remove only the very surface skin, no additional wound is created.

  • Laser treatment:

    Laser treatment can be effectively used for treating acne scars. Laser of different wave length and intensity is used to treat scar tissues and reduce the redness of skin after the healing of acne. The type of laser treatment is determined by doctors depending upon its intended result.

  • Skin surgery:

    Ice-pick scars are also removed by excision of each scar. This may cause holes in the skin, but those can be repaired with skin grafting.

What Can I do to Clear Up Acne Scars?

This is one of the common questions among people suffering from acne scars. The simple answer to this question is to use home remedies or proactive toner available for red acne scars. It is observed that proactive toner is effective for red acne scars. Besides that for no side effect you can even try various home remedies for red acne scars.

Acne scars are ugly looking and embarrassing. However, if one can have patience then he/she will find that all the scars have gone away with the passage of time. In case one wants to be treated to get rid of the scars he/she should consult a dermatologist before undergoing treatment.