Antibiotics for Acne

Acne occurs on the face or other parts of the body due to the increased oil production in the sebaceous glands. The oil, clogged with hair follicles in the pores of the body, causes acne. Normal skin bacteria or the Propionibacterium acne also contribute to this condition by infecting the blocked channels from the glands to the skin.

Propionibacterium acnes or P. acnes are a skin dwelling organism involved in causing acne. P. acnes cause corneal ulcers, endocarditis, sarcoidosis, cholesterol gallstones, allergic alveolitis, pulmonary angiitis etc. The P. acne is instrumental in causing acnes on the skin. The treatment of acne, therefore, needs to cut down the production of P bacteria to save skin from the surge of acne.

Treatment of acne with antibiotics controls acne by curbing the production of P. acnes and decreasing inflammation. Antibiotics provide the antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects that are important for acne treatment.

Following are some of the antibiotics for acne:

  • Erythromycin:

Erythromycin is an antibiotic in the macrolide group. It is used in acne treatment and is found to be very effective.

  • Mynocycline:

Mynocyline is a tetracycline antibiotic. It is effective with its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory characteristics.

  • Doxycycline:

Doxycycline is a tetracycline antibiotic. This is also used in treating acne very effectively.

  • Tetracycline:

Tetracycline is a broad spectrum antibiotic and is considered to be very effective in treating acne.

All of these antibiotics are efficient in treating acne due to their antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects. Therefore, if you have acne, which do not respond to topical acne antibiotics or if you have acne in multiple parts of your body, try antibiotics in pill form. These are easy to take, more effective and convenient as well.

Use of antibiotics for acne may cause some adverse effect on body too.

Some of the side effects of antibiotics are as follows:

  • Treating antibiotics for acne may cause the risk of upper respiratory track infection.
  • Antibiotics may also cause urinary track infections.
  • Use of antibiotics will make your skin more sensitive towards sun as a result of which you will have sun burn easily.
  • Antibiotics may also trigger gastrointestinal upsets such as indigestion and diarrhea.
  • Use of doxycycline by children under 12 may stain their teeth.
  • Taking antibiotics may cause vaginal yeast infection.
  • It can also cause increase of yeast infection in mouth.

Using antibiotics for treating acne is quite effective depending on the cause of the problem. However, these medications have side effects as well. Therefore, no antibiotic medication should be used without consulting a doctor. Consultation with the doctor is imperative in this case as there are deleterious effects of the medicines also. However, if used properly and under the care of a doctor, antibiotics can go a long way in treating acne.