Laser Surgery for Acne
Laser surgery for acne is one of the leading treatment options for removing acne and acne scars. This treatment uses laser beams to eliminate acne and acne scars. Though laser surgery is costlier, most of the adolescents opt for it as this is a wonderful way to eliminate acne in less time.
Laser Surgery for Acne
In laser surgery, the laser beams travel to the core of the acne and clears away the clogged pores. The beams destroy the microbes and the glands which secrete sebum. The effectiveness of laser surgery depends on certain factors including the skill of the dermatologist or the surgeon. In some cases, several sessions of laser surgery are required as acne may not be cleared in just one session.
After acne elimination through laser, they may sometimes appear ugly as the acne scars are left behind. For acne scars, yet another laser resurfacing treatment is considered. Whatever may be the laser treatment, they are of two types – ablative and non-ablative.
Ablative Laser Surgery for Acne
Ablative laser treatment or resurfacing removes the outer skin layer to smoothen and even the scarred area. For this purpose, carbon dioxide or erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet lasers are used. These lasers are maintained at a particular wavelength where in they can attract water molecules of the skin. This laser treatment not only removes the outer skin layer, but also stimulates collagen production therefore tightening the inner skin layers. This helps remove other skin conditions like wrinkles, lines, sunburns, scars and more.
Non-ablative Laser Surgery for Acne
Non-ablative laser treatment is safer than ablative laser and gives best results in removing acne scars. Various lasers are used which include:
- Smoothbeam laser
- Erbium glass laser
- Neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser
- Diode laser
- IPL (Intense Pulsed Light) laser
- KTP (Potassium Titanyl phosphate) laser
- PDL (Pulsed dye laser)
This non-ablative laser triggers changes in the inner skin layers by stimulating collagen. Therefore the skin layers tighten making the acne scars less visible. This laser will not cause any damage to the outer skin layers unlike the ablative laser.
Like any other surgical treatments, laser treatment also causes certain risks such as burning and irregular skin appearance due to repeated sessions of lasers. It moreover cannot address the underlying cause for acne and is not suitable for all skin types. Therefore, before opting laser surgery for acne, you need to consult an experienced dermatologist.